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Goethals Indian Library & Research Society, Kolkata
Vol. III No. 4 Bulletin October - December 2000
News Update | Articles | Researchers
New Arrivals | Mails & Emails
Meghalaya CM Visits Goethals: Meghalaya Chief Minister,
Mr. E K Mawlong paid a
friendly visit to St. Xavier’s College on Saturday, September 23rd morning. Fr.
Felix Raj, Rector received him and took him around the Goethals Library &
Research Centre. He was highly impressed by the collection of books and
periodicals in the library and the way they are preserved.
Fr. Provincial of the Calcutta SJ Province, visited the Goethals Indian
Library and Research Centre on August 5th.
Fr. Felix Raj, our Director gave a guest lecture at a seminar on
Calcutta a Megacity in the 3rd millennium", organised by the All Bengal
Association of Traders at Gorky Sadan on September 10.
The Exhibition on the Plates in the Library, from the 21st to the 31st of
August, went off successfully. A number of school and College students,
journalists as well as the general public attended. Paintings by Wilsen, Blagdon,
Atkinson, Colebrook, Solvyns, Sale, Daniells, Hodges, Wallace and Fraser were
put on display among others.
E-mail enquiries have been received from several people in India and abroad,
on a variety of topics, from the brain surgery of King Bhoja to a print titled,
"The Interior of the city of Kandahar, from the house of the Sirdar Beer Dil
Khaun, brother of the King of Cabul".
The professionally designed
Goethals website (www.goethals.org), has received
a good response from many researchers, who find the online format useful for
their research purposes.
Fr. Felix Raj (Director) wishes to thank
Fr. Bruylants S.J. for the gift of
three books on the Nagas presented to the Goethals Indian Library.
In the month of July, a group of students and teachers from
"The College of
the Holy Family", Cairo. Egypt, visited the Library. The visitors were
fascinated with the collection. Almost all the students gave their e-mail
addresses, in order to receive a copy of the Goethals Bulletin.
XB Members visit GILRC:
Xavier Board of Higher Education had its annual
meeting at St. Xavier’s College, Calcutta. All the participants mostly
Principals of Colleges - visited the GILRC one afternoon. Fr. Felix Raj took
them around and showed the different sections of the library. One of the
"I never knew St. Xavier’s has such a treasure; it is a pleasant
discovery to me".
Light of the East Journal
I am sure you know about the
"Light of the East" a monthly journal published by
Fr. Dandoy from 1922 to 1944. It had a tremendous impact on the intellectuals of
the city and the country, as I am told. There have been some reprints later in
1945-48. People like Fr. Johanns and Mr. Animananda were regular contributors.
Now the Goethals Library and Research Centre wants to reintroduce the journal
with the original name, beginning with 4 issues a year; then may be 6 a year and
if everything works out well, make it a monthly.
The focus areas/topics will be Indology, religions, education, dialogue, history
and so on. We would like to hear from you on this matter. We shall appreciate
your suggestions regarding the proposal of restarting the journal, the title,
topics etc, by the end of November.
Your support helps us serve others better.
The Rock Caves of
These caves which are not so well known and less frequently visited than the
Elephanta and Ellora Caves, are, nevertheless, from the point of view of the
Archaeologist, of very great importance. These caves, represent Saiva, Vaishnava
and Jain faiths, are unique in that they present the only reliable data upon
which the age of the rock caves in the different parts of India can be based.
There is an inscription in No.3 cave, dated in the twelfth year of the reign of
the well known King, Kirtivarman I in the 500th year after the inauguration of
the Saka Kings ........
Badami, in the Bijapur district, and sixty-four miles south of the town of that
name, is a place of considerable antiquity and historical interest. It is easily
accessible, being only three miles from the Railway station. It lies in a ravine
between two rocky hills on the north and south. Between the foot of the hills is
a large reservoir. The rock caves are on the west face of the South fort and are
four in number ......
By A.R.Slater. Mercara. September,1911. From "The Quarterly Journal of the
Mythic Society", Vol. II. No. 4. July 1911. Bangalore. See pp. 141-142.
The Ruins of VIJAYANAGAR-HAMPI
The name by which these ruins as a whole are known, really denotes a small
village on the south side of the river where is situated the famous Pampapati
Temple called after Virupaksha, who married Pampa, the daughter of Brahma. This
temple excels all others in point of size and presents a really fine picture
from the hill above the village. The large goparum of the temple faces a long
street, thirty-five yards wide and 800 yards long. Hampi was, till recent years,
a very popular religious rendezvous, but owing to severe epidemic outbreaks the
Car festivals have not been so well attended.
A group of Jain Bastis overlooked the Pampati Temple. They are strongly built
with stepped towers and are quite different from everything else in the ruins.
Judging from the number of temples belonging to the sect, the Jains must have
formed a large community.
It is a matter for gratitude that the Public Works Department is exercising all
care and watchfulness in the preservation of these ruins.
- An Extract from a Paper read before the Mythic Society, on "The Ruins of
Vijayanagar" by The Rev. A. R. Slater, published in the "Quarterly Journal of
the Mythic Society", Vol. II. 1910-1911. Bangalore. Pp.55.
The basis and core of all elementary human societies is the natural family,
consisting of husband and wife, and their children. This natural family grows
into a wide social group, which is still based on reproduction, the kinship
group. It includes not only the blood relatives of the spouses (affinal kinship)
but also the generations above and below, parents and children, grandparents and
grandchildren (consanguineous kinship) ......
Clan totemism is the practice of a social group, without regard to sex or age,
of entertaining a mysterious relationship as a group to a class of animals,
plants or other material objects (W. Schmidt) ........
The idea is that all members of the group are either descended from the totem
animal or plant, or that their ancestors owe it some substantial favour. Thus,
North American Indian members of the bear clan maintain that they descend from a
bear and a woman, and members of the dog clan believe that a dog and a woman
were their ancestors. The Kamar in Central India believe that the members of
their goat clan descend from a he-goat and a girl.
The Gond of Central India, on the other hand, have a goat clan whose members
regard the goat as their totem because a goat which had been stolen by their
ancestors for sacrifice turned into a pig when the theft was discovered and thus
saved the thieves from punishment. The Korku of Central India have tree totems;
in a battle their ancestors hid under various trees to save themselves from
their enemies. The Balahi of Central India have snake and owl totems; these
animals saved and protected the ancestors of these clans when by accident they
had been left in the field as helpless babies.
Clans may split when they become too large; a kinship group acquires a new
totem, which becomes more important, usually through some striking event. It
also happens that a clan splits into part totems; for instance, a tiger clan may
split into sections which regard the head, tail, claws, teeth etc., of the tiger
as their totems. This gives rise to the concept of a phratry, group of
- An Extract from "The Origin of Man and his Culture", by Stephen Fuchs. Asia
Publishing House. Delhi.1963. (Goethals Book No.: 7A/149)
Book Sections 58-70
Section 58 explores the land of Sri Lanka, formerly referred to as Ceylon.
Section 59 uncovers the treasures of non-Indian countries like Persia, Japan,
Philippines, Afghanistan, Russia, Tibet, and China.
Section 60 contains a collection of Dictionaries.
Section 61 contains several interesting Bibliographies.
Section 70 deals with Sociology. This is a new section.
FLYING - Machines in
The invention of different flying machines in modern times has not come as a
surprise to the Indian reader of the two great Sanskrit Epics, the Ramayana and
the Mahabharata, not to speak of the Puranas and other later works. He has been
a believer in the possibility of such inventions through many centuries. The
flying machines graphically narrated in the two epics of antiquity have seldom
struck him as mere myth or creation of high poetical imagination ......
According to the Brahmanical theory all artistic constructions, such as the
figures of elephants, horses and chariots are nothing but intelligent
reproductions of the works of nature divine (devasilpanam anukritih). Going by
this theory we have to imagine that the first impulse to artistic constructions
comes from nature, the idea of flying elephants, horses and chariots being
suggested, perhaps, by the changing shapes of clouds in the sky, moving up and
down, back and fro. The very name Valahassa employed in a Pali Jataka for the
sky-going horse is really suggestive of this fact.
The Pushpakas of the Sanskrit epic fame were a class of vimanas, the mechanism
of which was undoubtedly far more advanced than that of the Asokan vimanas. The
Pushpakas were a large variety of aerial conveyances capable of high speed and
piloted at will- a class of special chariots used with advantage of fighting
from the sky under cover of clouds, or for carrying passengers through the air
at high speed...
- by B. M. Barua and G. P. Majumdar. "Flying Machines in Ancient India",
published in "The Calcutta Review", Oct-Dec. 1933.Volume.XLIX. 287-298pp.
New Arrivals at the Library
Bengal between 1855-73, the popular uprising and the Intelligentsia, by A. K.
Sen. Published by Firma KLM. Calcutta. 1992.
History of the Bengali People by N. Ray. Published by Orient Longman.
Indian Epigraphy by D. C. Sircar. Published by Motilal Banarsidas. Delhi.
Lord Chaitanya by B. B. Majumdar. Vol. II. Published by K. P. Bagchi.
Mahatma Gandhi, Mother Teresa, Swami Vivekananda and some important events of
India from 1941 to March 1995 by Saroj Kanti Majumdar. Published by Firma KLM.
Modernity at Large by A. Appadurai. Published by Oxford University Press.
Rabindranath Tagore - short stories, edited by S. Chaudhuri. Published by
Oxford University Press. New Delhi. 2000.
Report on Naga Hills by J. Hutton. Published by Mittal
Souvenir - Commemorating 35 years of Statehood, published by the Government Nagaland. Kohima.1999.
Studies on Theology and Naga Culture by Takatemjen. Published by I.S.P.C.K.
New Delhi. 1998.
Swami Vivekananda in India by Rajagopal Chattopadhyay. Published by Motilal
The Catholic Church in Northeast India, 1890-1990, by S. Karotemprel
(editor). Published by Firma KLM. Calcutta. 1993.
The Goondas - towards a reconstruction of the Calcutta Underworld, by S. Das
and J. K. Ray. Published by Firma KLM. Calcutta.1996.
Working a Democratic
Constitution - the Indian Experience by Granville Austin. Published by
Oxford University Press. New Delhi. 2000.
Researchers at the Goethals
Ms. Geraldine Forbes, from the State University of New York, Oswego paid a
short visit on the 3rd of August to the Library. Ms. Forbes was interested in
the History of the 19th century.
Ms. Jaya Chaliha visited the library at the end of July to do research on the
Ms. Sumita Banerjee from Loreto College joined as a member of the Library, in
July. Her subject of research is the Occult and the Supernatural in Literature.
Fr. Stephen Pampackal, a member of the Historical Commission for the
Canonization of Mother Teresa of Calcutta, visited the Library to search for
materials on the growth of the Archdiocese of Calcutta.
Mr. Max Galstaun, from Middlesex, U.K. visited the library in July to do
research on the Minorities in India, as well as the History of La Martiniere
Mr. Melvyn Brown visited the library in July to do research on the
"The Herald", an old, Catholic publication.
Fr. C. J. John from Loyola Academy, Secunderabad, did research on the
of the Jesuits from the 17th to the 18th centuries.
Ms. Amanda Hamilton from the University of Chicago, department of South Asian
Languages and Civilizations, visited the library in July. Her subject of
research was East Indian Community Leaders of the early 19th century.
Mr. Dominic J. Azavedo visited the library and did research on
particularly the period of the 1980s.
Student researchers who frequently visited the library are Sharad Chitlangia,
Kunal Banerjee, Aman Jain, Albert Paulose, Saireet Sen, Ronita Sen Gupta and
Bishan Samaddar from St. Xavier’s College.
Emails to the Editor
I am currently doing research on British rule in India. If it is possible kindly
refer me to sites that are available on these lines...
Ms S. Patel
Just located your web site as I was surfing the Net. Was I Surprised to find a
web site dedicated to the late Archbishop Paul Goethals !!!!
Anyway I have been maintaining a web site of my old alma mater for the last year
or so.. here is the address:
I shall add a link on my page to your site.
John Kingsley. Kenora, Ont. Canada.
My name is Lindsay Pereira, an ex-Xavierite living in Mumbai. I am currently
working on my doctoral thesis, concentrating specifically on pre-independence
Indian fiction in English. I came across this link to you while browsing the Net
for research material that could help me. I was also asked to get in touch with
you by my guide, Dr Eunice DeSouza, Head of The Department of English, St
Xavier’s College, Mumbai.
Goethals Indian Library & Research Society, St. Xavier’s, 30 Mother Teresa
Sarani, Kolkata-700 016, India.
Tel: 0091-33-2280 1919; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Director: Fr. Felix Raj, SJ; Library Asst: Mr. Warren
Brown; Computer Asst: Mr. Sunil Mondol